PKiN history

See history palace

  • Location: Plac Defilad 1, Warsaw, Poland

  • Erected: May1, 1952 – construction work started; July 21, 1955  – completed; July 21,  2016 roku  -  PKiN celebrated 61 year

  • Material: steel, concrete, briks, ceramics, stone, wood

  • Hight: 237 m – including the antenna on the top of the spire, added in 1994;187,68 m – without the spire

  • Powierzchnia: 123 084 sqm. (1 324 876 sq. ft); volume: 817 000 cu. m (28 840 100 cu. ft)

  • Designer: Lev Rudnev

  • 1 PKiN is Poland's tallest building, with its 44 floors. On the 30th floor (a.k.a. XXX Floor), there is the View Terrace at the level of 114 m above ground.
  • 2 PKiN fits 3,288 rooms.
  • 3 It was intended as "Gift of Soviet Nations for the Polish Nation".
  • 4 Joseph Stalin was the originator of the concept of erecting such a palace at the very heart of Warsaw.
  • 5 Its designer, Lev Rudnev wanted the building to feature Polish details and, together with a team of Soviet architects, travelled to historic cities across Poland to learn about the national style, including such cities as Cracow, Kazimierz, Chełmno, Płock, Sandomierz, Zamość, Toruń.
  • 6 Rudnev and his team prepared five plans and Poles choose the winning one which was supposed to have 120 meters in height. However, ambitions grew and finally a taller building was erected.
  • 7 Approximately 3,500 Russians worked at the construction site – they stayed in a dedicated residential estate which was developed specially for them and featured a cinema theatre, a canteen, a cultural complex and a swimming pool. 16 workers died in the course of the project. They were buried in the Orthodox cemetery in Wola district – their graves are maintained by PKiN company.
  • 8 In 1956, a series of suicides started with people jumping from the 30th floor terrace. The first one was French. In 1970s, security fences were mounted at the terrace.
  • 9 On 2000/2001 New Year's Eve, a clock was kicked off at the top of PKiN – it is the second biggest clock in Europe and has four dials, each 6 meters in diameter.

PKiN history ( in polish)